The Most Successful Nepali Politicians are listed below:
- Khadga Prasad Sharma Oli (KP Sharma Oli)
KP Sharma Oli was born on 22 February 1952 in a family of Brahmins in Terathum. He was the eldest Child of Mohan Prasad and Madhumaya Oli. Oli began his studies at the Himalaya Higher Secondary School in the municipality of Damak, Jhapa district, at the age of 12. He left school in the sixth grade. Oli began his political career in 1966 in opposition to the Panchayat system without a party at the time. He joined the Communist Party of Nepal in February 1970. Popular Movement of 1990, he was elected a member of parliament by the Jhapa constituency no. 6 in 1991. He served as head of the foreign department of the CPN (UML) in 1992. Nepalese people commonly known by the abbreviated name K.P. Oli, is a Nepalese politician and the current Prime Minister of Nepal. He is one of the two presidents of the Nepal Communist Party, formed by the union of the Communist Party of Nepal (Marxist-Leninist Unified) and the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist Center).
2. Sushil Koirala
Sushil Koirala was born on August 12, 1939, in Biratnagar, the second largest city in Nepal, and died on February 9, 2016, in Kathmandu. Koirala was unmarried and knew he was living a simple life. Koirala entered politics in 1954, drawing inspiration from the Social Democratic ideals of the Nepalese Congress. In 1958 he actively participated in Bhadra Abagya Aandalon, (Movement for Civil Disobedience) launched by the Nepali Congress. In 1959, he actively engaged in the party’s goal of carrying out democratic elections. The Nepali Congress emerged as the largest party in the 2013 constituent assembly elections under the leadership of Koirala. He was elected leader of the parliamentary party of the Nepalese Congress which obtained 105 votes out of 194 against 89 votes of former Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba and on 10 February 2014 he was appointed prime minister.
3. Jhalanath Khanal
Jhala Nath Khanal was born on May 20, 1950 in Sakhejung, in the district of Ilam. Khanal was a member of the Communist Party of Nepal (Marxist-Leninist), and was his general secretary from 1982 to 1986. Later, he was a member of the CPN (UML). Khanal was for a period of communications and information minister in the coalition government of 1997. Khanal won the Ilam-1 constituency in the 2008 constituent assembly elections. He led the CPN (UML) as Secretary General from 2008 to February 2009 and was elected President of the CPN (UML) on February 16, 2009. On February 3, 2011, after seven months of political stalemate in which no candidate could gather enough votes to be elected prime minister, Jhala Nath Khanal was elected as prime minister by the constituent assembly. Khanal received 368 votes in the 601 member parliament. Khanal’s immediate duties as Prime Minister included preparing a new republican constitution by May 28 and negotiating the future of about 20,000 Maoist fighters.
4. Ram Baran Yadav
Dr. Ram Baran Yadav was born on February 4, 1948. Ram Baran Yadav is a Nepalese politician and physician who served as the first president of Nepal following the declaration of a republic in 2008. He served as Nepali president since 23 From July 2008 to October 29, 2015. Previously he served as Minister of Health from 1999 to 2001 and Secretary General of the Nepali Congress Party. Yadav was Minister of Health in the 1991-1994 government of the Nepali Congress. He was elected to the House of Representatives in the 1999 elections as a candidate for the Nepali Congress. After that election, he became health minister. Yadav was elected first president of Nepal in a second round of voting on 21 July 2008. He received 308 votes out of 590 in the constituent assembly, defeating Ram Raja Prasad Singh, who had been nominated by the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), in a second round of voting. Yadav was sworn in as President on July 23, 2008.
5. Baburam Bhattarai
Dr. Baburam Bhattarai was born on June 18, 1954 in Khoplang, Gorkha. Baburam Bhattarai is a famous Nepali politician who was Prime Minister of Nepal from August 2011 to March 2013. He was a long-standing member of the Nepal Communist Party (Maoist) before founding a new party, Naya Shak. Bhattarai was elected to the constituent assembly by Gorkha as a Maoist candidate in 2008 and became finance minister in the cabinet formed after the election. Bhattarai became prime minister in 2011. As a way out of the political stalemate after the dissolution of the first Nepali Constituent Assembly in May 2012, he was replaced by chief justice Khil Raj Regmi as head of an interim government that was to hold the elections by June 21, 2013. He was a senior member of the standing committee and vice president of the Maoist party until his resignation from office and all responsibilities of the party on September 26, 2015. He is now coordinator of Naya Shakti, a new party founded.
6. Madhav Kumar Nepal
Madhav Kumar Nepal was born on March 6, 1953 in Brahmin family to Mangal Kumar Upadhyaya and Durgadevi Upadhaya. He graduated in Commerce from Tribhuvan University in 1973 and worked in banking and civil service before turning to full-time politics. He also known by acronym Ma. Ku. Ne (Madhav Kumar Nepal). M.K Nepal joined the communist movement in 1969. In the underground struggle, he used party names such as ‘Subodh’, ‘Sunil’, ‘Ranjan’ and ‘Bibek’. In 1971 he became a district committee member of the Nepal Revolutionary Organisation (Marxist-Leninist). At a conference held in Biratnagar June 7–8, 1975, M.K. Nepal was elected as a bureau member of the All Nepal Communist Revolutionary Coordination Committee (Marxist-Leninist). When the ANCRCC(ML) founded the Communist Party of Nepal (Marxist-Leninist) in 1978, M.K. Nepal was elected a politburo member of the new party. He was the Deputy Prime Minister in the Nepalese government during the CPN(UML) minority government in 1994-1995 as well as the leader of the opposition in the National Assembly during the 1990s.
7. Pushpa Kamal Dahal(Prachanda)
Pushpa Kamal Dahal was born on 11 December 1954. Dahal is also known by his battle name “Prachanda”, a name he knew during his guerrilla days. In 1980 Prachanda was charged with leading the All Nepal National Free Students’ Union (Revolutionary), which was affiliated with the Radical Communist Party of Nepal (Masal), or CPN (Masal). In 1983 he was elected to the Central Committee of the CPN (Masal), which was soon divided into the CPN (Masal) and the CPN (Fourth Convention). Prachanda joined the latter, becoming a member of the politburo and becoming secretary-general in 1989. Several left parties joined in 1990 to form the CPN (Unity Center), with Prachanda as general secretary, but in 1994 he also divided himself. in two. In March 1995 Prachanda renamed his branch to reflect its Maoist inclinations: the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist). Under Prachanda’s leadership, the CPN (Maoist) won 220 seats in the April 10, 2008 elections, becoming the largest party in the constituent assembly of 601 members. The following month, the new assembly voted to declare Nepal a democratic republic, thus ending the monarchy, and on August 15 appointed Prachanda the prime minister. He was the prime minister of Nepal after the monarchy was abolished.
8. Bidhya Devi Bhandari
Bidhya Devi Bhandari was born on June 19, 1961 in Mane Bhanjyang of Bhojpur. His political career began with a left-wing student union and gained membership in the Nepal-Marxist-Leninist Communist Party in 1980. She is a Nepalese politician who is the current president of Nepal and commander-in-chief of the Nepalese army , and also vice -Chairperson of the Communist Party of Nepal (unified Marxist-Leninist) and President of All Nepal Women Association before winning the presidential election on 28 October 2015. She was elected as president in a parliamentary vote, receiving 327 votes out of 549 and defeating Kul Bahadur Gurung. In 2016, Forbes added its 52 on the list of the 100 most powerful women in the world. She was also Minister for the Environment and the population in the 1990s and presented many environmental awareness campaigns and concerns about women’s rights to date. In June 2017, She visited the IUCN headquarters and Director-General Inger Andersen in Gland, Switzerland, to discuss opportunities for enhanced collaboration for nature conservation and sustainable development. Bhandari was elected twice in the 1994 and 1999 parliamentary elections, respectively defeating Prime Minister Krishna Prasad Bhattarai and Damanath Dhungana.
9. Upendra Yadav
Upendra Yadav was born on 11 December 1960 from a peasant family in Bhgawatapur, Saptari district (today in Sunsari). He was born in Dhuni Lal Yadav and Fudani Yadav. Upendra Yadav is a Nepalese politician who serves as Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Health of Nepal. He is also president of the Federal Socialist Forum, Nepal (FSF). He is one of the most famous politicians of Nepalese politics. He and his party fought against the political elites and the ruling class of Nepal demanding proportional representation, equality and the end of discrimination against the Madhesi and the indigenous Janjati and Adivasi as Maithili, Tharu, Rai, Limbu, Magar, Tamang included women and politically backward ethnic groups. After the election of the Constituent Assembly of April 2008, the MJF (now FSF Nepal) has agreed to join a government led by Prachanda, the president of the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist). Yadav was subsequently appointed Minister of Foreign Affairs and took the oath on August 22, 2008; he was one of the four MJF members included in the cabinet.
10. Sher Bahadur Deuba
Sher Bahadur Deuba was born on June 13, 1946. Deuba comes from Ganyapdhura Gaupalika Ward No. 01 previously known as (Asigram – 3), Dadeldhura, one of the most remote districts of the Far West region of Nepal. His family belongs to the royal Rajput dynasty of Chandravanshi. Deuba has a master’s degree in political science while he holds a degree in arts and law. He is said to have been a researcher at Political in the prestigious London School of Economics from 1988 to 1989. He is a Nepali politician who was Prime Minister from 1995 to 1997, from 2001 to 2002, and from 2004 to 2005, and from 2017 to 2018 He is also the President of the Nepali Congress, elected with over 60% of the votes at the party’s 13th Convention in 2016. He was twice elected as leader of the parliamentary party of the Nepalese Congress, allowing him to be elected twice as Prime Minister of the Nepal. He was elected Member of Parliament three times, representing the Dadeldhura district. He was sworn in as Prime Minister of Nepal on 7 June 2017. After a successful mandate, he resigned on February 15, 2018.